Putting the Sheaf back in Sheffield – a small but extremely important stretch of urban river for daylighting

Sheffield gets its name from the Sheaf-Field, the location next to the old Norman Castle where the River Sheaf joins the Don. It was an important strategic stronghold as well as a meeting place and market location in medieval times. The site has been hidden and buried for around a century.

Plans have been developed for an important project to deculvert the river in this historically critical location.

http://www.thestar.co.uk/news/putting-the-sheaf-back-into-sheffield-with-plan-for-new-1-35m-urban-park-1-7837544

The site lays at the heart of Sheffield and is one of the key actions in the Sheffield Waterways Strategy. It has been a shared ambition of many partners working together for several years.

With this in mind I rooted out this image of the site, exploring urban forms for a daylighting scheme here, from 2009! The image was drawn up in sketchup but based on cross-sections and topographical data from a hydraulic (river) model to investigate flood risk management scenarios. The historic local pubs were kept in the picture, of course…

Let’s hope the project gets funded.

 

Deculverting image Copyright Tom Wild

Oh, by the way, the curly pig-tail structure was the old car ramp access to the castle market (both now gone), right over the ‘Sheaf Field’.

 

Deculverting Sheffield’s Porter Brook – City Centre

I’ve promised various people that I would  post up some before and after pictures to show the impact of this city centre project, so here we go.

Precise fixed point photos weren’t possible due to site access issues and changes in land levels, but these are as close as possible, and give a good idea of the changes over time. Slide 5 shows the site from above, and the position and direction of the following images, as well as details of the feasibility study.

I’ll take further photos from the same spot so that we can keep an eye on he river regeneration process. By the way, the big redbrick building is Matilda Works, now part of the UTC. Amazing spot. Congratulations to all involved for an excellent scheme (too many to note here).

1. 2011.

Deculverting image copright Tom Wild - 1

2. 2012a.

Deculverting image copright Tom Wild - 2

3. 2012b.

Deculverting image copright Tom Wild - 3

4. 2016.

Deculverting image copright Tom Wild - 4

5. Feasibility study by Sheffield City Council for South Yorkshire Forest Partnership. With thanks to the Environment Agency and Interreg North Sea Region Programme for funding.

 

Deculverting image copright Tom Wild

 

Urban Hybrids, daylighting & pigeons (not hybrid pigeons though)

Recent visits to a daylighted brook set me thinking about regeneration, architecture and nature, and recalling a paper I’d read years ago, which to be honest I didn’t really understand at the time. Strange how some writings have a habit of lying dormant in the mind, in wait for the right opportunity to resurface. This sight of pigeons roosting in the sockets that previously acted as the footings for steel joists, providing the support for an old culvert roof, brought to mind a piece of work by architect Xiang Ren on hybridisation.

Deculverting image copyright Tom Wild

Sadly, the paper can’t be found online anymore, but I found a few extracts, as follows. In his design research proposal ‘A hybrid building for place-specific resilience… blue loop hybrids’, Ren (undated) poses the question: ‘”o what extent can urban architecture evolve into a more resilient form – the potential harmony and resilience between nature and the artificial”.

Xiang Ren notes that the term ‘hybridity’ was first put forward in relation to architecture as ‘an effort to provoke thoughts towards the spatial and programmatic renewal of American cities’ (Holl, 1980), and as a typology for mixed-used buildings… and an architectural morphology. He goes on to note that an important part of urban hybridization emerged by the coupling of landscape design and city making: ‘landscape urbanism and ecological urbanism’ (Leatherbarrow, 2011).

For me when this really gets interesting is the point at which the individual structures are considered in relation to the wider network of infrastructures – including blue-green infrastructure: ‘urban artefacts… as a hybrid of artificial ecology form part of the ‘patch-corridor-matrix’ model (Forman, 1995) for resilience, spatially meshing natural process and human activities on land, and drawing on the perspective of ‘cities of evolution’ first addressed by biologist Patrick Geddes (Geddes, 1915).

In other words, what is the relation between a ‘site’ for urban wildlife, and the wider ecological network? How important is one link in the chain? Does its value depend solely on its context – i.e. the state of the rest of the network? Have we gone too far in thinking that biodiversity must be considered within these networks or catchments? Or does that just reinforce a status quo of preservation of ‘natural’ (for natural, read rural) sites as being more valuable than the urban? I like this sentiment in Ren’s paper: What new hybrid structure can evolve an ecological catalyst to activate a new type of wildlife habitat for the place-specific?  How can urban nature conservation move forwards without such catalysts?

Worth noting that Geddes was a contemporary of Abercrombie, the modernist responsible for Sheffield’s (1924) radial network of riverside parkways. Just sayin’😉

Porter Brook deculverting

Friday found me out and about with ex-colleagues Ed Shaw (ecosystems researcher) and Lewis Gill (Incremental Computing).

First stop-off was at Matilda St, glorious sunshine – great for photos, and a meeting with Environment Agency staff who were involved in the project funding, and notably our feasibility study.

The pocket park (design led by SCC landscape architect Sam Thorn) is looking pretty good. Next steps are to push to open up the connection downstream to the Yorkshire Artspace and BBC Radio Sheffield.

Image copyright Tom Wild

I’ve got some before and after shots, which I’ll get round to uploading sometime…

More to come.

Deculverting: the art of opening up buried rivers

This website is about opening up buried and hidden rivers. Or daylighting. Or deculverting if you prefer.

Image copyright Tom Wild

“Deculverting can have many different positive impacts for local communities, including potential social, economic and environmental benefits” (Wild, et al, 2010).

Yeah, so?

Evidence for the benefits of opening up buried rivers is important. But that’s not the purpose of this blog. Instead, it seeks only to offer some interesting  views and images, mainly from my home town of Sheffield, but also from other far-flung places whenever I get the chance.

Instead http://www.deculverting.com is  about the art of opening up rivers and the creative process of restoring urban rivers, rather than the science or engineering. There are other places to go for that. But then, I’m not an artist, or a photographer, or a ‘creative‘, so erm, let’s just see how it goes…!

I should clarify that daylighting or deculverting is not my job. It is more of a passion. Or an obsession. As a result I’ve not really got many good excuses for lurking around damp and dingy urban riversides taking photos.

Glasgow, and Zurich, where it all began…

Image copyright Tom Wild.pptx

I first got interested in daylighting in Glasgow in 1998, because blocked and overflowing culverts caused sewage flooding in people’s homes. As an environmental protection officer, I’d get emergency phone calls from distressed citizens in the middle of the night. No-one should have to put up with that (the sewage in your home, not the phone calls – I was getting paid for it).

Zurich is an amazing city for so many reasons.

For me, one thing that is so special about it, for personal as well as professional reasons, is that it is the ‘home’ of deculverting in Europe. Their Bachekonzept to promote daylighting of urban streams (Bache means ‘brook’ or stream) really is an inspiration. Here’s the little Bache that inspired me, or – depending on your viewpoint – is responsible for my obsessive behaviour. Nice isn’t it?

A word about photos (mine and others)

Over the years since 1998, I have taken loads – and I mean loads – of pictures of drains, ditches and rivers (probably nearly as many as pictures of family, it really is that bad). So, this can be a place where I put them. I know that very, very few people will be interested. It doesn’t matter, it just needs doing. I’ll try to put dates next to images, since they won’t all be recent. Please note that all images are copyright of Tom Wild unless otherwise stated. I will do everything I can to get expression permission of others’ images and post them up. If you use ’em, please do reference the images to their source. Thanks!

Deculverting: the art of opening up buried rivers?

This website is about opening up buried and hidden rivers. Or daylighting. Or deculverting if you prefer.

Image copyright Tom Wild

“Deculverting can have many different positive impacts for local communities, including potential social, economic and environmental benefits” (Wild, et al, 2010).

Yeah, so?

Evidence for the benefits of opening up buried rivers is important. But that’s not the purpose of this blog. Instead, it seeks only to offer some interesting  views and images, mainly from my home town of Sheffield, but also from other far-flung places whenever I get the chance.

Instead http://www.deculverting.com is  about the art of opening up rivers and the creative process of restoring urban rivers, rather than the science or engineering. There are other places to go for that. But then, I’m not an artist, or a photographer, or a ‘creative‘, so erm, let’s just see how it goes…!

I should clarify that daylighting or deculverting is not my job. It is more of a passion. Or an obsession. As a result I’ve not really got many good excuses for lurking around damp and dingy urban riversides taking photos.

Glasgow, and Zurich, where it all began…

Image copyright Tom Wild.pptx

I first got interested in daylighting in Glasgow in 1998, because blocked and overflowing culverts caused sewage flooding in people’s homes. As an environmental protection officer, I’d get emergency phone calls from distressed citizens in the middle of the night. No-one should have to put up with that (the sewage in your home, not the phone calls – I was getting paid for it).

Zurich is an amazing city for so many reasons.

For me, one thing that is so special about it, for personal as well as professional reasons, is that it is the ‘home’ of deculverting in Europe. Their Bachekonzept to promote daylighting of urban streams (Bache means ‘brook’ or stream) really is an inspiration. Here’s the little Bache that inspired me, or – depending on your viewpoint – is responsible for my obsessive behaviour. Nice isn’t it?

A word about photos (mine and others)

Over the years since 1998, I have taken loads – and I mean loads – of pictures of drains, ditches and rivers (probably nearly as many as pictures of family, it really is that bad). So, this can be a place where I put them. I know that very, very few people will be interested. It doesn’t matter, it just needs doing. I’ll try to put dates next to images, since they won’t all be recent. Please note that all images are copyright of Tom Wild unless otherwise stated. I will do everything I can to get expression permission of others’ images and post them up. If you use ’em, please do reference the images to their source. Thanks!